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再见了,宫崎骏

作者:zuowening 来源:互联网 时间:2013-10-25

As a director, he is said to be the Akira Kurosawa of animation. As an animator, he is Japan’s Walt Disney. Hayao Miyazaki, the Japanese master of fantasy animation, announced his retirement on Sept 6, after the recent release of his new film The Wind Rises. The 72-year-old is now one of the most respected animation directors in the world.

作为一位导演,他被称为动画界的黑泽明。作为一位动画大师,他被称为日本的沃尔特·迪斯尼。9月6日,日本奇幻动画大师宫崎骏发布新作《起风了》,之后便宣布退休。现年72岁的他是当今全球最受尊敬的动画导演之一。

Though his films have quite a wide range in their settings, tones and target audience, a number of recurring themes run through Miyazaki’s films. Miyazaki rarely traffics in simple good and evil. The worlds he creates tend to be complex and ambiguous. For example, even the ominous witch-like figures in Spirited Away and Howl’s Moving Castle don’t seem so bad once you get to know them.

尽管他的影片背景与基调各异,目标群体也是十分广泛,但这些作品中总是反复出现一些主题。宫崎骏很少描写简单的善与恶。他所创造的世界错综复杂,模棱两可。例如,即便是《千与千寻》和《哈尔的移动城堡》中那些“来者不善”的巫师角色,一旦你了解他们,就会发现他们似乎并不坏。

 Miyazaki’s films often emphasize the Earth’s fragility, especially in the context of critiquing development and pollution. In My Neighbor Totoro, a great tree tops a hillside on which magical creatures reside, and the family worships the tree. This ecological consciousness is echoed in Princess Mononoke with a giant primordial forest, trees, flowers and wolves.

宫崎骏的电影经常会强调地球的脆弱,在批判发展与污染问题时尤其如此。在《龙猫》中,山顶的大树上居住着许多奇幻生物,片中的家庭成员对这棵大树崇敬有加。在《幽灵公主》一片中,广袤无垠的原始森林、树木、花朵以及狼群无不呼应着这一生态意识。

A significant theme of moral formation runs through Miyazaki’s work. Respect for elders, responsibility, courtesy, generosity, maturity, courage, understanding and hard work are all common virtues exhibited by or acquired in the moral formation of Miyazaki’s young protagonists.

德行修养这个重要主题贯穿了宫崎骏作品始终。敬老、责任、礼貌、慷慨、成熟、勇气、理解以及努力,这些都是宫崎骏作品中年轻的主角们身上的共同美德。

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